Cliff Burton’s Bass Rig
We kick off second season Know Your Bass Player with the Cliff Burton Bass Rig. Cliff Burton is renowned for his performances and musical talent in Metallica. We take a look at the gear that gave him his trademark signature sound. Starting with his Rickenbacker, Aria basses and Mesa Boogie Amplifiers.
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Cliff Burton joins Metallica with a Rickenbacker 4001
The first “real” band Cliff Burton joined was “EZ” street (1979) which later renamed to “Agents of Misfortune” (1979-81). Following this band he joined “Trauma” (1982) and finally “Metallica” (1983). In all of these bands he used;
- Rickenbacker 4001
Painted with a burgundy glo finish, this bass was modified on at least two occasions. Local guitar shop owner Chuck Martin recalls in “Too Live Is To Die”* Pg 38. The first modification was made around 1982 and added a Seymour Duncan stacked single coil guitar pickup to the bridge of the bass. This is located where the foam mute would be in the bridge of the Rickenbacker and activated independently by a push-pull switch. Both Cliff and Chuck referred to this modification as the “secret weapon”.
Further Rickenbacker 4001 modifications
A second modification was made to the Rickenbacker replacing the stock pickups. Whilst stock Rickenbacker pickups have a remarkable tone, they lack a high output volume.
Installed in the neck of the bass was a “Mudbucker”. The “Mudbucker” is usually found on a GIbson EB-0* and used to the effect of a muddy boomy tone.
In addition to this, the Rickenbacker bridge pick up was modified with a tapped, maroon coloured split coil. These days the pickup is now called a Seymour Duncan STK-J2B*.
This Rickenbacker now resides at the The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum in Ohio.
Seen in photos and footage of Metallica throughout “Kill’em All” period.
Ride The Lightning and the stolen Alembic Spoiler
Cliff was photographed briefly using an Alembic Spoiler on the Ride The Lightning tour between 1984/85. Clear video footage and dating first hand photographic evidence is difficult to find, confirming an exact time frame of when this bass was used is uncertain.
- Alembic Spoiler
Corinne Lynn, Cliffs girlfriend at the time, dates the use of this bass.
“There was the theft of the Alembic Spoiler bass … used briefly in 1984/85. He came to Sunnyvale after rehearsal…”
Joel McIver – To Live Is to Die (Pg 260.)
Using this assumption, we can presume the Alembic was used to record Ride The Lightning which was recorded in February 1984. However there are other factors doubting the bass being used to record.
Other Alembic Spoiler evidence
Notably three other sources speak of equipment being stolen in three separate occasions.
- Cliff states in an interview with Ken Kitt of WCSB on 11 January 1984 (@ 35.05). That two of his pedals were stolen (Possibly in Chicago)
- Joel McIver writes in “Justice for All: The Truth about Metallica”* (Pg 125.) the band had their gear stolen on 14 January 1984 in Boston. He does not state specifically how Cliff is affected but James’ prized Marshall amplifier was taken. (Metallica.com also collaborates this event but lacks details.)
- Legendary Bay Area Headbanger Harold Oimoen states gear was stolen in New York (To Live Is To Die Pg 124.)
In an attempt to date the use of the Alembic, we look at a photo believed to be from the Metallica show from 7 December 1984 in Amsterdam. If correct it, shows Cliff using the Spoiler at this time. However it is difficult to confirm when and where these pictures were taken without first hand confirmation.
On the other hand If the Alembic Spoiler was stolen at the start of January 1984, it would have missed the Ride The Lightning recording sessions. Taking place from 20 February – 14 March 1984. Meaning that Cliff instead used Aria Pro II SB1000 and the Rickenbacker to record.
Joel McIver also offhandedly writes Ride the lightning was “Delivered on the Rickenbacker” To Live Is To Die Page 124.
Seen on the Ride The Lightning Tour 1984/1985
Cliff gets the Aria Pro II SB1000
During the “Head That Does Not Bang” tour (November 1984 – September 1985) Cliff acquired a Japanese made Aria Pro II SB1000.
- Aria Pro II SB1000
The “Super Balanced” 1000 is considered to be one of Aria’s high end models with one double coil pickup and six tone positions. This bass then took over as his main bass and was used to record Master of Puppets in September 1985.
Seen in tour videos throughout 1985 but disappearing after September.
Cliff Burton’s Aria endorsement
Ultimately by the final dates of “Head That Does Not Bang” tour Cliff was now endorsed by Aria basses.
It is believed the Black N Gold I made it’s first appearance on stage in September 1985. Video footage prior to this date does not show the Black N Gold I.
- “Day on the Green” 31 August 1985 SB1000 (@ 12.39) and then
- Lorely Metal Hammer Festival (Germany) 14 September 1985 Black N Gold I (@ 29.00).
The “Master Of Puppets” tour, now named “Damage, Inc.” tour begun late March 1986 and Cliff continued to use the Black N Gold I.
- Aria Black n Gold I
Differences between the Aria Pro II SB1000 and the Black N Gold I
This bass is distinguishable from the SB1000 by its oval inlays and gold coloured bridge. Some have listed Cliff using an Aria SB Elite which is almost identical but you will likely find it to be the Black N Gold.
The body of this bass was made of Alder instead of Canadian ash like the SB1000 and In addition to this, the pickup was upgraded to an to the MB-2. This pickup was configured to sound more like a single coil pickup with less midrange and more highs.
Location of Cliff’s Black N Golds
Furthermore we know from Cliff’s bass tech, Eddie Kercher, that Cliff had at least 3 Black N Gold’s with him on tour in 1986. The location of these basses is up for discussion as there are some people who claim to know their whereabouts. Cliff Burton Bass Rig and his possessions were divided up by his mother Jan.
- The first bass believed to be his main tour bass is now owned by Lars Ulrich and hung on this wall in his home. This was seen at the Metallica Museum
- The second is was given to his sister Connie Burton and remains at her home in California
- A third bass was given to childhood friend and former girlfriend Audrey Kimball (To Live Is To Die Pg 207.)
The Black N Gold held by Lars was seen at the Metallica Museum in 2013. On a picture taken an Aria fan blog (https://ariabasses.blogspot.co.uk) .They notice the pickup on this bass has been modified to be a PJ Marx pickup.
PJ Marx, whilst no longer trading, was once famous for supplying then Ozzy Osbourne’s replacement guitarist Brad Gillis with his own signature pickup in the 80’s.
Cliff Burton Aria tribute bass
In 2013 Aria, with permission of the Burton family released a Cliff Burton tribute bass. It matched the specs of his Black n Gold to the letter and was released to the public at NAAM of the same year.
This bass has a price tag of around £4000 mostly due to gold plating of the hardware and limited run. The only major changes here is that the pick up was upgraded to the MB-5, which was manufactured years after Cliff’s endorsement.
Cliff Burton bass rig and amplifiers
Road Electronic and Sunn amplifiers
From “EZ Street” street to the “Kill’em All” period, Cliff was using a Road Electronics cabinet
- Road Electronics 2×18″ cabinet
The 18 inch Road Electronics cab stayed with Cliff throughout Metallica powering it with;
- Sunn Beta bass head (100 watts)
With that said there has been several photographs during this period showing Cliff’s amplifiers in different stages and setups.
“EZ Street” were photographed at at talent content in 1979 and on stage was the Road 2×18 as well as an Ampeg SVT-1540HE Classic Series Enclosure and original Ampeg SVT head. It is believed this Ampeg rig belonged to another contestant who coupled his rig with Cliffs as it is never seen again.
The Hand written note by Cliff
Firstly Cliff stated he used a Randall 300 watt going into the 1×18 Randall cab and a Road Electric 2×18 inch cab. Joel McIver recalls in “Too Live Is To Die” – “Cliff also bought a Randall bass amp from Chuck [Martin]. ‘It wasn’t really an amplifier that I thought he would ever use but he used it for a long time. It had a lot of power and a lot of output and it suited him'”.
- The Randall amplifier in question was a RB-500
Cliff’s Secret Second Rig?
On a related note, during the Pre-“Kill’em All” period we see Cliff with what looks like two whole rigs. No where in the research for this video is any of this equipment mentioned but I wouldn’t be doing my job if I didn’t cover everything related to Cliff.
There’s no context to this photo and it is possible it could be someone else’s rig on stage so your mileage may vary.
On the left behind Cliff’s shoulder, Cliff now has a a second Sunn Beta head presumably for the second speaker in the Road 18 inch cabinet.
Then to the right what looks like an additional cabinet set up with a;
- Peavy Mark IV Series 400 head on top (200 watts)
- With a Sunn Concert head underneath (200 watts)
- The cabinet beneath this is a 15 inch JBL 4560 Bass bin.
Following this on in a similar picture from May 1983 we also see Cliff stood in front of his Road 2×18 but now with a
- Sunn Beta Lead 2×12″ on top
Upgraded amplifiers for Ride The Lightning
Cliff used the Randall RB-500 between the “Kill’em all” and “Ride the lightning” tours.
- Randall RB-500
Inevitably Cliff simplified this set up by the Ride the Lightning tour. In footage from Metallica’s live at the Metro, Chicago in 1983. Cliff is on stage with the 2×18 and the Randall RB-500
Cliff Burton and Mesa Boogie
Cliff returns to the stage with a new set of amplifiers and cabinets for the “Damage Inc” tour (March 1986 – February 1987). Not only this but he now has has two valve powered Mesa Boogie D-180 heads.
Mesa Boogie Mark III (3) heads (x2)(Mentioned in the video but incorrect. These are Hetfields’ heads)
- Mesa Boogie D-180 power amps (x2)
One to power a clean signal and the second running his effects loop. These heads go on to power three Mesa Boogie cabinets
- 4×12″ Mesa Boogie Cabinet
- 1×15″ Mesa Boogie Cabinet (x2)
The cabinets had a 15″ on the bottom, the 12″ in the middle and the last 15″ on top. In Cliffs own words he described these cabinet as;
“Basically a 115 stuffed inside a 412 box. So, you uniform the fit with the backline.”
Interview by Harald O. February 1986
Published in Thrash Metal (U.S.) and Rock Hard (Germany)
According to the German source of the interview these 15” cabinets were custom made by Mesa Boogie. This set up stayed with him until his final performance in September 1986.
Cliff Burton’s Effects Pedals
The Cliff Burton Bass Rig has been split into two parts. Head on over to the Cliff Burton Effects Pedals for part 2.
We discuss all of his effects pedals from EZ Street, Trauma and into Metallica. The Morley Wahs, Big Muff Pi’s and many many more.
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